|Omnivore (20-25 grams per day)
A rat is best housed in a lattice cage with a plastic bottom, a special rat house or a vivarium with a well-ventilated lid. Using a wooden cage is not recommended as it will gnaw its way out of these. A rat loves to explore and move around, so its cage can never be big enough.
A rat is best kept indoors, in a room with constant temperature, out of direct sunlight, out of draughts and out of reach of other pets. A rat's hearing is extremely sensitive, so do not place its home near the washing machine, for example.
The cage should be cleaned regularly. Choose absorbent bedding, this will make it easier to keep the cage clean. As untreated straw can injure the rat, it is not suitable for your rat. Always choose a dust-free bedding to avoid eye, nose and respiratory irritation. Rats are often extremely sensitive to dust! Sawdust unfortunately contains harmful substances, which can cause respiratory problems. It is therefore best not to use it. For advice on which bedding material to use, please contact us.
A rat looks for its food and will eat anything. A rat is an omnivore and needs protein to stay in good condition. A rat scavenges for its food, so feed it twice a day. Also make sure fresh drinking water is available every day. For proper nutritional advice, please contact us.
Rats love exercise. Toilet rolls, sisal rope to climb, a box filled with bedding, all toys that rats love. A rat sleeps during the day, so keep in mind that it will play for 3-4 hours at night.
Make sure your rat is awake when you want to approach him, otherwise he may get scared and bite. If your rat bites you, it is best to contact your GP. Always let the rat approach your hand gently. You can grab the rat with one hand over its shoulders, with your thumb just behind a front leg while supporting the hind legs with your other hand if necessary. Never lift your rat by its tail.
Some rats suffer from itching and scabs. This may be due to mites. Fungus can also cause skin complaints. Therefore, contact your vet in case of skin complaints.
Airway disorders: this problem is among the most common disorder in the rat. Symptoms include shortness of breath, rales, sniffling, sneezing, runny nose and even red tears. In addition, more general symptoms such as lethargy, weight loss and puffy fur may be present. In case of symptoms, it is best to contact your vet immediately.
Long teeth: the rat's teeth grow throughout its life, so make sure it can gnaw properly to keep its teeth at good length. If your rat's teeth are too long, please contact us.